Photography For Beginners | Basic Terms, Tips & Resources To Learn Better


    ShutterstockPhotography For Beginners | Basic Terms, Tips & Resources To Learn Better

    Photography For Beginners | Basic Terms, Tips & Resources To Learn Better

    At some point of time, we all would have looked at the scenery, be it a cloudless moon, sunrise over the mountains or waves crashing into the beach, and wished we could capture it. While learning photography can prove to be a daunting task, the rewards it reaps are beyond measure, for memories are the only thing we carry till the end. We would like to make learning photography a little less daunting with our guide to “photography for beginners”. From A to Z, you got it covered here. 

    What Is Photography?

    To simply point and shoot cannot be called photography, it is just taking a photo. We’re not talking about the technical terms here either. Photography is art, it is a picture that speaks a thousand words without uttering a single whisper. When you take a picture, you are capturing a moment in time that portrays a certain setting at its best. And, with technology advancing every day, it is not necessary to own a DSLR to take stunning pictures.

    Tips For Beginners 

    As mentioned above, it is more than just pointing and shooting. Of course, you can take normal pictures but if you want your pictures to look good then you can play around with the different settings available on all cameras including mobile phones. As a beginner who wants their pictures to look good, you have to keep certain things in mind if you want the pictures to stand out.

    • Work on the composition of your photography like area of focus or getting rid of distractions within the frame etc.
    • Play around with different settings to get an idea of how you get different results.
    • Practice taking different shots to see how they turn out on your phone. 
    • Don’t invest in a new camera yet, learn the basics with the existing camera you have so you’ll know your style and you can purchase a camera accordingly.
    • Pay attention to which setting is required when like when and when not to use the flash.
    • Take your time learning different powers that your camera is capable of in different settings.
    • Don’t overexpose pictures to get more light into your picture.
    • Learn to focus on different subjects and what settings can bring out the best in those images.
    • Get in touch with other photographers as they will help you out with things you wouldn’t have known.
    • Use your previous work as an example and find areas you can improve on.

    Best Place To Learn Online

    If you are in need of some lessons, then the internet is your best mentor. You will find a multitude of blogs, articles, videos on YouTube and online courses that will get you knowledge on all the A-Z’s of photography. You can apply for in-person courses and workshops that you can find online. There is no one best place to learn as everywhere you will be catered to do different information on the same subject. So, broaden your outlook and be willing to learn from all the resources you can find.

    Popular Courses Online

    Course NameCompanyLink
    Fundamentals of DSLR PhotographySkillshareBuy now
    iPhone Photography: How to Take Pro Photos On Your iPhoneSkillshareBuy now
    Photography Essentials: Understanding the BasicsSkillshareBuy now
    Photography Masterclass: A Complete Guide to PhotographyUdemyBuy now
    A Masterclass in Photography – Be A Confident PhotographerUdemyBuy now
    Mobile Photography Iphone and Android Complete MasterclassUdemyBuy now

    Stock Image Sites

    Stock images can be used for various purposes such as references or editing material. You can find that there are many stock image websites that will provide you with images regarding all types of settings. Be it a grandma playing golf or a dental doctor giving the thumbs up. You will not be short on websites that provide you with stock images. Below are a few of the most commonly used. 

    Popular Stock Image Sites

    Although you can find a lot of pictures online you will find yourself coming across certain quality pictures from a website that you will find useful. These sites offer illustrations, paid images, free images, videos, vectors and even a library of songs all for people to come and download from and creators to sell their work on.  

    • Shutterstock is well known across the world for providing pictures created by millions of users that has a vast library of not just images but videos and songs as well.
    • GettyImages is another popular website that provides users with free images, videos and songs. 
    • Freepik is a good site for professional creators who want to make use of stock images in graphic design.
    • Canva is a graphic design tool that has millions of stock images that are either paid or free for download.
    • Pixabay offers options for downloading images that can be used for means necessary and do not require any permission to be granted by the creators for use of the pictures.
    • Although stock vault comes with a license package it offers a wide variety of pictures and video clips.
    • Ease of use of the website and downloading quality pictures are the capabilities offered by
    WebsiteOffer DetailsLink
    Deposit PhotosSave 17% on the annual subscriptionBuy now
    Canva100 million plus stock images, videos, audio and graphicsBuy now
    Shutterstock10% discount on subscription | Coupon code – SS10Buy now

    Key Terms To Know As Beginners

    There are different elements to taking a good picture. There are normal things to consider like shape, size and angle, which are usually referred to as elements of photography. Then there is shutter speed, ISO and aperture which are called the exposure triangle and for good reason. There are other options such as these to keep in mind as well, basic details for which are mentioned below.

    • Shutter Speed

    This refers to the length of time that the camera shutter is open to allow light into the camera sensor. A fast shutter speed captures motion really fast making it look like time itself has stopped, while a slow shutter speed lets a lot of light in which can be useful to take pictures in the dark or nighttime photography.

    • Aperture

    A camera aperture is used to control the depth of field of an object. The depth of field is not just how much you can see within your camera but how much of the image is clear and not grainy. Small apertures have a large depth of field while big apertures have a small depth of field. This is due to the amount of light passing into the camera through a small hole. The hole is called the aperture.

    • ISO

    If you can’t change your aperture or shutter in case you’re not using a DSLR that comes with these standard options or your phone does not have the settings for it. Then you can make use of ISO to choose how much light you want in your photo. The lower numbers correspond to a darker image while higher numbers brighten your image. The increase in ISO, however, also increases graininess in your image, reducing overall quality.

    • Metering

    Metering is essentially the camera automatically coordinating the aperture and ISO to choose the amount of light that can be let in for the camera to capture a good image. In more scientific terms it is the process of reflecting light with a sensor to know how much light is available for the camera to choose the right exposure and get a picture with the right amount of light.

    • Focus

    Focus allows the photographer to choose where you want the camera to focus. Say you are taking a picture of a particular flower but there are leaves and branches also in the mix. The camera focuses only on the flower or whichever subject you want to have highlighted as the main focus of your picture. Everything else gets blurred other than the main focused element. With all cameras, you got autofocus and manual focus as options. You can choose whether you want to focus on a subject by yourself or let your camera AI decide.

    • HDR

    HDR or High Dynamic Range is the amount of light tones that are captured when taking a photo. HDR range goes from very light tones to dark tones. This is used to balance out the overall highlights and shadows when capturing an image to make it more appealing to viewers. It adds more life as the right amount of light is balanced out throughout the picture.

    How To Take Sharp Pictures?

    Modern phones and cameras these days allow for quality images to be taken effortlessly, providing you with a sharp and crispy image. However, it is good to keep in mind that you have a big role to play as well. You can sharpen a particular part of the image by choosing a point of  focus. You can also hold the camera still until it is done taking a picture so that it isn’t blur and an ample amount of light is let in. Some cameras even come with sharpness options so you can choose how sharp you want an image to be.

    Tips To Succeed In Mobile Photography

    Mobile photography has become a popular craze these days as the level of quality found on phone cameras is drastically improving. These images are almost reaching DSLR levels and the fact that it all comes packaged in a handy device that is easy to carry around in your pocket is worth mentioning. However, you will need to keep in mind the different tips you can use to come up with good quality photos.

    Rule of 3

    One of the very first steps would be to use grid lines, also known as the rule of three. These 3 horizontal and vertical lines help you place objects better and help you find a good balance of the overall photo. You will find many videos online that describe this in detail.


    The best part of mobile photography is that you can fit it into tight spaces, get it really close to objects and change the overall perspective or angle of the shot since it is easy to hold. Make sure to play with different angles to come up with creative pictures.


    Using the grid lines you can make the photo look pleasing by taking a symmetrical photo that has everything fall into place. This can be used with different perspectives as you line up your phone along a wall or other objects to come up with different creative and aesthetically pleasing photos.


    Using autofocus can sometimes lead to the main object of the picture being left out. By just tapping on the subject on the screen that you want to focus on, you immediately get to choose which subject is focused on while blurring out other background distractions leaving you with a very pleasing photo.


    One of the easiest things to do on your phone that are otherwise not possible without arduous work on a DSLR image is the option to edit. You can feel free to add filters or brighten a good shot to make it that much more pleasing to the eye. So feel free to edit to your heart’s content but don’t overdo it as the picture will end up looking ugly.


    With a phone camera, you can get really close to objects and take stunning pictures. This ability lets in a perspective of the world that viewers can see it from. Macro shots are easier on phones. All you have to do is get up close to an object as much as your camera can focus and then take a picture.


    A feature that can be turned on or off on your mobile phone with a single tap. This option is usually present on all the current-gen phones. It takes more than one shot of different exposures to let in as much light and also cover dark shadows. Then finally it merges those photos for a better light balanced and pleasing shot.


    Cameras are used to convey stories. Just as how a good storyline has an impact, a nice picture can make the user feel different when viewing it. So don’t just whip out your camera and take a picture. Give the details the amount of attention you would to an art piece and your pictures will come out looking like masterpieces.


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